1Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 11155-4563,Tehran, Iran. Research Center for New Technologies in Life Science Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 63894-14179, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Life Science Engineering, Faculty of Interdisciplinary New sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14395-1561,Tehran, Iran.
3Research Center for New Technologies in Life Science Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 63894-14179, Tehran, Iran
Recently, the production of biosurfactants in bioreactors and their use in various pharmaceutical, chemical and food industries have been developed. Optimum production is directly related to the physicochemical condition of culture medium (such as pH and temperature) and engineering parameters of bioreactors (such as aeration rate, volume of operation and the amount of energy input). Understanding the gas transfer in shaken bioreactors equipped with a sterile closure is advantageous to avoid oxygen limitation or carbon dioxide inhibition of a microbial culture. In this study, the effect of aeration rates (due to using different design closures) on the amount of biosurfactin production by Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 in a ventilation flask as a miniaturized bioreactor was investigated. The highest biosurfactin concentration (0.0485 g/L/h) was obtained in the optimum conditions in which the amount of filling volume and shaking frequency were 15 ml and 300 rpm, respectively. The specific aeration rate (qin) and maximum oxygen transfer rate (OTRmax), were calculated 1.88 vvm and 0.01 mol/L/h, respectively. The results showed the significant biosurfactin productivity increase under non-oxygen limiting condition.